Personal Security Products Glossary

Amp or ampere
A unit of electrical current. The quantity tells you how much electricity is being drawn through a power cable.

Disability
An inability to substantially perform duties by reason of physical or mental impairment. It can be determined to be permanent or of an extended duration. It may be partial or total.

Electro-Muscular Disruption (EMD) Technology
EMD weapons are more powerful than stun guns and are being readied for consumer use. EMD weapons deliver a more powerful 18 to 26 Watt electrical signal to completely override the central nervous system and directly control the skeletal muscles.

Medical appliance (as defined for US tax laws)
US tax law clarifies and limits these to include only those items which are intended by the manufacturer for use in directly substituting for a malfunctioning part of the body. A doctor's prescription does not determine that a product is considered a medical appliance.

Medicare Coverage Advisory Committee (MCAC):
The MCAC advises the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) on whether specific medical items and services are reasonable and necessary under Medicare law. The MCAC is used to supplement CMS's internal expertise and to ensure an unbiased and contemporary consideration of "state of the art" technology and science.

Monitoring station
A call center usually manned around the clock, with operators on standby.

PERS or PEMAS
Personal Emergency Response Systems or Personal Emergency Medical Alert Systems.

SHU
Scoville Heat Units. These are used to measure the "heat" of pepper spray.

Stun gun
Any weapon or other device which emits an electrical charge or current intended to temporarily disable a person.

Taser
A weapon which aims to incapacitate with an electrical current delivered through a circuit that is released by a gun-like mechanism, lodging into the victim's clothes or skin. The name is an acronym for Thomas A. Swift Electric Rifle-from the children's novel.

Transfer bench
A bench specially designed to aid the transition from standing to any other functional position, such as those needed for bathtub use or washroom use.

Volt
A unit of potential energy.

Watt
A unit of electrical power. This quantity tells you how quickly electricity is being consumed through the power cable. It is equal to energy times current or volts multiplied by amps.

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