How Stun Guns Work
Before you purchase any stun gun technology, you may want an independent guide to how they work. Below, we'll outline how stun guns function, so that you'll understand their safety. On another page, we fully explain the effects of stun guns.
As soon as you apply a stun gun to anyone they will feel muscle spasms and shock. Applied for a second or longer, the stun gun will induce incapacitating muscle spasms. Induced for a period of three seconds or longer, the shock will cause disorientation or loss of balance. If an assailant is extremely large (250 lbs. or more), effects will take longer.
Stun guns work by dumping electrical charges into the assailant's nervous system. The human nervous system is a kind of electrical system, and the stun gun confuses the body's own electrical signals. This is why shock is accompanied by numbness.
Stun guns are safe because they have low amperage. All electricity is measured in volts and amperes. Amperes are a measure of current or speed. Volts are a measure of size or intensity. Stun guns deliver high voltage at low amperage.
An analogy using balls will explain this simply:
- Let's say that volts come in three different sizes, bowling balls, baseballs and tennis balls. Any of these fired at a high enough rate (or amperage) could inflict long-term harm or death.
- Bowling balls, being largest and heaviest, would be the most effective weapon. A stun gun is kind of like lobbing bowling balls in a steady rate at an assailant. His body and mind are too busy avoiding these to attack further.
Stun guns deliver voltage at a slow rate, effectively impeding your assailant with no long-term effects.
How Tasers Work
Tasers deliver voltage through barbs that lodge into the skin and clothing of the assailant. The current then travels from the gun to the electrodes in each barb.